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PostSubject: History Of English Literature   Mon 10 Mar 2008, 20:38

Old English
English, as we know it, comes from the language spoken by the north Germanic tribes who settled in England from the 5th century A.D.. They had no writing (except runes, used as charms) until they learned the Latin alphabet from Roman missionaries. The earliest written works in Old English were probably composed orally at first, and may have been passed on from speaker to speaker before being written. We know the names of some of the later writers (Cædmon, Ælfric and King Alfred) but most writing is anonymous. By the time literacy becomes widespread,

Old English is effectively a foreign and dead language. And its forms do not significantly affect subsequent developments in English literature

the oldest poem in english literature is BEOWULF
written in epic poetry by anonymouse
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PostSubject: Re: History Of English Literature   Mon 10 Mar 2008, 20:42

Middle English and Chaucer
From 1066 , the language is known to scholars as Middle English. Ideas and themes from French literature appear in English writing at about this time, but the first great name in English literature is that of Geoffrey Chaucer (?1343-1400). Chaucer introduces the iambic pentameter line, the rhyming couplet and other rhymes used in Italian poetry (a language in which rhyming is arguably much easier than in English, thanks to the frequency of terminal vowels). Some of Chaucer's work is prose and some is lyric poetry, but his greatest work is mostly narrative poetry, which we find in Troilus and Criseyde and The Canterbury Tales..
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PostSubject: Re: History Of English Literature   Mon 10 Mar 2008, 20:43

Tudor lyric poetry
Modern lyric poetry in English begins in the early 16th century with the work of Sir Thomas Wyatt (1503-1542) and Henry Howard, Earl of Surrey (1517-1547). Wyatt, who is greatly influenced by the Italian, Francesco Petrarca (Petrarch) introduces the sonnet and a range of short lyrics to English, while Surrey (as he is known) develops unrhymed pentameters (or blank verse) thus inventing the verse form which will be of great use to contemporary dramatists. A flowering of lyric poetry in the reign of Elizabeth comes with such writers as Sir Philip Sidney (1554-1586), Edmund Spenser (1552-1599), Sir Walter Ralegh (1552-1618), Christopher Marlowe (1564-1593) and William Shakespeare (1564-1616). The major works of the time are Spenser's Faerie Queene, Sidney's Astrophil and Stella and Shakespeare's sonnets.
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PostSubject: Re: History Of English Literature   Mon 10 Mar 2008, 20:44

Renaissance drama
The first great English dramatist is Marlowe. Before the 16th century English drama meant the amateur performances of Bible stories by craft guilds on public holidays. Marlowe's plays (Tamburlaine; Dr. Faustus; Edward II and The Jew of Malta) use the five act structure and the medium of blank verse, which Shakespeare finds so productive. Shakespeare develops and virtually exhausts this form, his Jacobean successors producing work which is rarely performed today, though some pieces have literary merit, notably The Duchess of Malfi and The White Devil by John Webster (1580-1625) and The Revenger's Tragedy by Cyril Tourneur (1575-1626). The excessive and gratuitous violence of Jacobean plays leads to the clamour for closing down the theatres, which is enacted by parliament after the Civil war
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PostSubject: Re: History Of English Literature   Sun 16 Mar 2008, 20:08

thankssssssss
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PostSubject: Re: History Of English Literature   Sun 23 Mar 2008, 22:55

Thank u,
Keep it up ya Abdo,
cheers cheers
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PostSubject: Re: History Of English Literature   Mon 24 Mar 2008, 20:13

thxxxx all

i hope these topics be helpful to u
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PostSubject: Re: History Of English Literature   Sat 29 Mar 2008, 02:52

till now i didnt know ant thing in this subject but i will buy fascicles from elforsan
ya mohamn.........thanxxx abdelwahab
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PostSubject: Re: History Of English Literature   Sun 30 Mar 2008, 23:01

jolite wrote:
till now i didnt know ant thing in this subject but i will buy fascicles from elforsan
ya mohamn.........thanxxx abdelwahab
jolite its advise from me you mustnot buy any thing from elforsan or rotana
because DR.afaf know all these fascles/
and thnxxxxxx for you ya abdooooooo
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PostSubject: Re: History Of English Literature   Sat 05 Apr 2008, 02:42

Thanks Alot
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PostSubject: Re: History Of English Literature   Tue 15 Apr 2008, 23:59

thank you
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